ECHO Publications

Your participation in Project Viva and ECHO contributes to groundbreaking scientific research and discoveries. The following publications highlight research on topics where multiple ECHO researchers, including some from the Project Viva team, work together to share and study data to make new discoveries.

Visit the ECHO website to view even more publications on a wide range of topics!

ECHO program Outcomes

ECHO Publication Investigates Differences in Children’s Body Mass Index by Region and Demographics

        Research has shown that social, cultural, and environmental factors can strongly influence a child's risk of developing obesity. This indicates that the risk of obesity may vary by geographic region and sociodemographic background. To better understand how patterns of childhood obesity risk vary by geographic region, Traci Bekelman, PhD, MPH and Dana Dabelea, MD, PhD of the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus led a team of ECHO researchers and conducted a nationwide study of over 14,000 children and teens from 25 ECHO cohorts across 50 states.

        The study, published in Obesity, found Black children in the Northeast, South, and Midwest and Hispanic white children in the South and West had higher BMIs on average than their non-Hispanic white counterparts. Read the research summary.

      Too Much or Too Little: Exploring Micronutrient Intake in Pregnant Women

            In the US, at least a third of pregnant women aged 20-40 are at risk of taking in too few key vitamins. At the same time, another third of pregnant women are at risk of taking in too many key vitamins. These micronutrient imbalances can negatively affect infant health outcomes. To investigate disparities in micronutrient intake, Katherine Sauder, PhD of the University of Colorado Anschutz and her team collected sociodemographic and dietary data from nearly 10,000 pregnant women across the US. The study found that more than 1 in 5 pregnant women did not get enough of vitamins D, E, K and choline and the minerals magnesium and potassium, even when they took dietary supplements. The study also showed that women aged 14-18 years, those who were Hispanic or Black, those who had less than a high school education, and those with obesity were at the highest risk for taking in too few nutrients. The article, titled “Disparities in risks of inadequate and excessive intake of micronutrients during pregnancy" is published in The Journal of Nutrition. Read the research summary.

            ECHO Cohort Examines Association Between Genetic Variants and Wheezing Patterns in Young Children

                  Wheezing is often an early indicator of childhood asthma. Members of ECHO Children’s Respiratory Research and Environmental Workgroup (CREW) explored the effect of genetic variants on patterns of wheezing in African American and European American children across the US.

                  They found that a little more than half of the children experienced wheezing before three years old, and 62% wheezed within the first 10 years of life. They also found that African American children were statistically more likely than European American children to experience persistent wheezing. Read the research summary.

                  ECHO Researchers Publish Review on Epigenetic Influences on Generational Health

                        Studies show that the environment may change a person’s epigenetics, the markers that direct how genes are read and understood. These markers can be passed down across generations. ECHO researcher Carrie Breton, ScD, of the University of Southern California, and her writing team gathered information from past studies to provide a review of existing epigenetic research and evaluate the potential role of epigenetics in the passing on of health risks to later generations. Their research, titled “Exploring the evidence for epigenetic regulation of environmental influences on child health across generations” is now published in Communications Biology. Read the research summary.


                        ECHO program Outcomes

                        This image shows some of the focuses of ECHO research

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