PiN Faculty Member - Rudolph Tanzi, PhD

Rudolph Tanzi, PhD

Joseph P. and Rose F. Kennedy Professor of Child Neurology and Mental Retardation

Massachusetts General Hospital East
Aging and Gen. Research Unit, Bldg. 149, 6th Fl.
149 13th Street
Charlestown, MA 02129
Tel: 617-726-6845
Email: rtanzi@mgh.harvard.edu
Visit my lab page here.



I serve as Director of the Genetics and Aging Research Unit at MGH, which focuses on the molecular genetics of Alzheimer's disease (AD), as Vice Chair of Neurology and Co Director of the McCance Center for Brain Health. We played key roles in discovering three genes that cause early onset familial AD, including the amyloid protein (A4) precursor (APP), and the presenilin genes (PSEN1 and PSEN2). In 1993, we discovered the Wilson's disease gene, and over the past 25 years, I have directed the Alzheimer’s Genome Project, in which we have identified several novel AD genes, including ADAM10 and CD33. We have elucidated the mechanism of action by which CD33 initiates neuroinflammation in AD with TREM2. Most recently, my laboratory used whole exome and whole genome sequencing data from to identify rare functional variants influencing risk for AD. Since 2000, we have developed the field’s leading gamma secretase modulators, leading a clinical trial candidate. More recently, we characterized the GSMs in a novel AD model that recapitulates both plaque and tangle pathology using human stem cell derived neurons and glia grown in a three dimensional cell culture system (dubbed “Alzheimer’s in a Dish”). We used this system to help validate the amyloid hypothesis of AD by showing that plaques lead directly to tangles from endogenous tau protein. Most recently, we have also discovered a novel role for the amyloid beta protein, as an antimicrobial peptide that protects the brain against infection. In this hypothesis, plaques are seeded by microbes, e.g. herpes viruses, and serve to trap pathogenic microbes as part of the brain’s innate immune system. We are now searching for the exact microbes (bacterial, viral, fungal) that populate the AD brain and trigger amyloidosis as part of the “antimicrobial hypothesis of AD”. We have also recently shown how exercise induces adult hippocampal neurogenesis and ameliorates cognitive impairment in AD mice.



Last Update: 12/5/2018



Publications

For a complete listing of publications click here.

 


 



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